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News ID: 90103
Publish Date : 10 May 2021 - 21:32
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BERLIN (Dispatches) --  Mediterranean diet rich in fish, vegetables and olive oil might protect the brain from these disease triggers, new study says.
Scientists at the German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases led by Prof. Michael Wagner, head of a research group at the Center and senior psychologist at the memory clinic of the University Hospital Bonn, have now found in a study that a regular Mediterranean-like dietary pattern with relatively more intake of vegetables, legumes, fruit, cereals, fish and monounsaturated fatty acids, such as from olive oil, may protect against protein deposits in the brain and brain atrophy. This diet has a low intake of dairy products, red meat and saturated fatty acids.
A total of 512 subjects with an average age of around seventy years took part in the study. 169 of them were cognitively healthy, while 343 were identified as having a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease -- due to subjective memory impairment, mild cognitive impairment that is the precursor to dementia, or first-degree relationship with patients diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease.
The researchers found that those who ate an unhealthy diet had more pathological levels of the biomarkers in the cerebrospinal fluid than those who regularly ate a Mediterranean-like diet. In the memory tests, the participants who did not adhere to the Mediterranean diet also performed worse than those who regularly ate fish and vegetables.

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