Today is Saturday; 21st of the Iranian month of Farvardin 1400 solar hijri; corresponding to 27th of the Islamic month of Sha’ban 1442 lunar hijri; and April 10, 2021, of the Christian Gregorian Calendar.
1091 lunar years ago, on this day in 351 AH, Hassan ibn Mohammad al-Muhallabi, the literary patron and able vizier of the founder of the Iranian Buwaiyhid Dynasty of Iran-Iraq-Oman, Moiz od-Dowla Daylami, passed away in Oman during a military expedition at the age of 65. The Buwaiyhids were devout followers of the Ahl al-Bayt of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). Hassan was one of the last members to achieve renown from the famous clan of the Muhallabids that traced its lineage back nine generations to the army commander Muhallab ibn Abu Sufra, who despite being the son of Abu Sufra – the loyal Omani supporter of Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS) – changed sides, along with his opportunistic sons, as per the political situation between the Omayyads, the Zubayrids, and later the Abbasids, and suffered ignominious ends. Hassan al-Muhallabi, who was master of both the Arabic and Persian languages, started life as an administrator in Ahvaz, who on catching the attention of the Buwaiyhid vizier, Abu Ja’far Saimuri, became attached to the court of Moez od-Dowla, and later on his patron’s death succeeded him as vizier. He was an accomplished poet as well.
1076 lunar years ago, on this day in 366 AH, Naseer od-Din Sabuktigin, a former Turkic slave, was made governor of Ghazni by his ex-owner and governor of Khorasan, Alptigin – himself an emancipated Turkic slave of the Iranian Samanid dynasty of Bukhara. Amir Nuh II Samani confirmed his appointment. Born in Barskon in what is today Kyrgyzstan, as a 12-year old, he was taken prisoner by a warring tribe and sold to a merchant named Haji Nasr, from whom he was purchased by Alptigin and became fully Persianized. When Alptigin rebelled against the Samanids, capturing Zabulistan and Ghazna, he made Sebuktigin a general and gave his daughter in marriage to him. Sabuktigin, on the death of Alptigin, served his two successors Ishaq and Balkatigin, before seizing the rule of Ghazna. Soon, on the decline of Samanid power, he became virtually independent. He expanded his realm after defeating Jayapala to take territory till the Neelum River in Kashmir and the Indus River in what is now Pakistan. In the north he took Balkh and in the west Helmand from the Samanids. On his death, after a 20-year rule, his younger son Ismail took over, but was soon removed by his elder son, Mahmoud, who expanded the realm and took the title of Sultan. Of unsound religious belief, Sabuktigin repressed both Shi’a and Sunni Muslims, and committed the unpardonable sin of destroying the holy shrine in Mashhad of Imam Reza (AS), the Prophet’s 8th Infallible Heir.
952 lunar years ago, on this day in 490 AH, prominent Islamic scholar, Abu’l-Hassan Ali Ibn Zaid Bayhaqi, popular as "Ibn Funduq” and "Fareed-e Khorasan”, was born in the city of Bayhaq in northeastern Iran, which later became Sabzevar. An expert in hadith, theology, literature, mathematics, and philosophy, his most important book is "Ma’arej Nahj al-Balagha”, a commentary on the famous compilation of the eloquent sermons, letters, and maxims of Imam Ali (AS), the First Infallible Heir of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). In Persian he authored "Tarikh-e Bayhaq” giving geographical and dynastic details of the region. Among his books, mention can also be made of "Lubaab al-Ansaab” on genealogy of notable figures. He passed away in the year 565 AH.
685 solar years ago, on this day in 1336 AD, the Ilkhanid ruler of Iran-Iraq, Arpa Mahmoud Khan, was defeated at Maragha by the rebellious governor of Baghdad, Oirat Ali Pasha, and subsequently captured and killed, after a reign of a little more than a year. A direct descendent of Boke, the younger brother of the founder of the Ilkhanid Dynasty, Hulagu Khan (grandson of the fearsome Chengiz Khan) he came to power following the death of Abu Sa’eed Bahadur Khan the last effective Ikhanid ruler. Almost immediately he had to deal with an invasion by Ozbek Khan of the Golden Horde, which he defeated and used it as a pretext for executing Queen Baghdad Khatoun, the widow of Abu Sa’eed, in an effort to cement his power. Those who followed Arpa Mahmoud Khan to the Ilkhanid throne were mere puppets raised by various factions before the dynasty vanished from the scene in 1357 after a century of rule.
616 lunar years ago, on this day in 826 AH, Shafei jurist and judge, Wali od-Din Ahmad bin Abdur-Rahim al-Misri Ibn Iraqi, passed away at the age of 54 in Egypt. He was buried beside his father, Zain od-Din Iraqi. He studied and taught in Damascus, Bayt ol-Moqaddas, Cairo, and the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. He wrote many books.
208 solar years ago, on this day in 1813 AD, French mathematician, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, died at the age of 77. Among his important scientific books, mention can be made of the book: "Analytical Mechanics”, which took him 25 years to compile.
206 solar years ago, on this day in 1815 AD, Mount Tambora volcano on the Indonesian island of Sumbawa, began a three-month-long massive eruption, lasting until July 15 that ultimately killed over 80,000 people and affected the Earth’s climate for the next two years. It was the most powerful explosion in 1,600 years, formed a crater 5-mile across on Sumbawa, lowered the island by 4,000 feet, and immediately killed 10,000 people. The series of eruptions between April the 5th and 15th had worldwide effects more far-reaching than the famous 1883 eruption of Krakatoa – also in Indonesia. The record amounts of ash Tambora spewed into the atmosphere encircled the globe, screened the sun’s light and caused a global drop in temperature. Thus 1816 was a "Year without a summer,” with severe climate abnormalities across the globe. Frosts killed crops and late heavy snowstorms occurred. Elsewhere, there were severe storms, excessive rainfall and floods, as well as widespread famine and disease that led to more deaths.
176 lunar years ago, on this day in 1266 AH, the British agent, Mohammad Ali Bab was executed by a firing squad in Tabriz at the age of 31 on being found guilty of "spreading corruption on earth” for his blasphemous claim to be the imam, then a prophet and finally the divine manifestation (mazhar-e ilahi) with a new creed in replacement of Islam. Born in Shiraz to an unknown father and initiated into the deviant Shaykhi cult, he stirred up sedition by first styling himself "Bab” or gateway to the Lord of the Age, Imam Mahdi (AS), then the Awaited Imam himself, later the incarnation of the Prophets Elijah and John the Baptist and eventually the godhead. After repeated renunciations of his beliefs whenever he was arrested, he always reverted to his devilish designs to mislead the people, prompting Prime Minister Mirza Mohammad Taqi Khan Amir Kabir, who strove to make Iran free of the Anglo-Russian plots, to order his arrest and trial. After execution his body was thrown into the ditch near the barracks where it was eaten up by dogs.
153 solar years ago, on this day in 1868 AD, at Arogee in Abyssinia, British and Indian forces defeated an army of Emperor Tewodros II. While 700 Ethiopians were killed and many more injured, only two British/Indian troops died. It was part of the British colonial designs to subjugate other lands with the help of their well-trained Indian sepoys (corruption of the Persian word "sepahi” for soldiers).
115 lunar years ago, on this day in 1327 AH, the Gnostic Ayatollah Mirza Habibollah Mujtahid Khorasani, passed away at the age of 61 near his hometown, holy Mashhad. He was a product of the Islamic seminary of holy Najaf in Iraq, and after returning to Iran settled in Mashhad where he handled religious affairs and groomed students. He was an excellent poet, as is evident by his poems on gnosis.
102 solar years ago, on this day in 1919 AD, the Mexican revolutionary, Emiliano Zapata, was murdered in the wake of a conspiracy. The indigenous Mexicans considered him to be their saviour. He was betrayed by Mexican President Francisco Madero, who after initially posing as a reformist sabotaged the land reforms. This forced Zapata to take up arms towards the end of the year 1910 with the motto of "land and freedom” and he retook from people of European origin the lands of the Amerindians that they and their ancestors had seized. His native language was Nahuatl of the Aztecs.
90 solar years ago, on this day in 1931 AD, famous Lebanese Arab writer and poet, Khalil Jebran Khalil, died at the age of 48 in New York, the US, where he lived the major part of his life, though he came back to Lebanon and spent several years mastering the Arabic language and absorbing the culture of the east, before returning to the US. He wrote and composed poems in both Arabic and English. Although a Christian he was highly influenced by Islam and the dynamic personalities of Prophet Muhammad (SAWA) and Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS). He wrote: "I am Christian and I am proud of it, but I am in love with Prophet of Islam and have great regard for his name.”
On Imam Ali (AS), he writes: "In my view, (Imam) Ali was the first Arab to have contact with and converse with the universal soul. He died a martyr of his greatness; he died while prayer was between his two lips. The Arabs did not realise his value until appeared among their Persian neighbors some who knew the difference between gems and gravels. He was like a prophet sent for a nation other than his own during a period to which he did not belong.”
75 solar years ago, on this day in 1946 AD, the last French troops left Lebanon. In the wake of World War I and disintegration of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, Britain and France occupied the extensive land of Shaam or Greater Syria, and carved it up into Palestine and Jordan under British control, and modern Syria and Lebanon under French control. The French plan was to create a Christian state in Lebanon for the local Maronite sect in order to weaken the Muslim majority, similar to the plot of the British to illegally settle the Zionists of Europe in Palestine for creating Israel. In 1943, the French government in exile, while France was under German occupation, imposed a communally divisive constitution on Lebanon, according to which the President should be a Maronite Christian, the Prime Minister a Sunni Muslim and the Speaker of the parliament a Shi’a Muslim, although the Shi’a were the largest single group in the land. In 1945, following end of World War 2 Lebanon was granted independence and the following year the French forces withdrew. The Shi’a Muslims, although the largest single group in Lebanon, were long oppressed since the time of the Ayyubid and Ottoman rulers, until the arrival of the charismatic Iranian religious scholar, Imam Seyyed Musa Sadr in the late 1950s. He uplifted their social status and prepared the ground for making them a powerful force in Lebanon. Today, the legendary anti-terrorist movement, Hezbollah, not only defends the birthrights of the Lebanese Shi’as but the rights of all people of Lebanon against the plots of the Zionist entity, the US, West European regimes, Arab reactionary states, and their local agents, trying to subvert the country.
49 solar years ago, on this day in 1972 AD, a 6.9 earthquake in the Iranian province of Fars killed over 5,000 people, and injured many more, in addition to destroying houses.
48 solar years ago, on this day in 1973 AD, operatives of the illegal Zionist entity’s spy agency, Mossad, assassinated three Palestinian officials in the Lebanese Capital, Beirut, namely Kamal Naser, Kamal Adwan, and Mohammad Yousef Najjar. In 1983, on the 10th anniversary of the martyrdom of these officials, Mossad agents martyred in Portugal Attam Sartawi, the political advisor of the Palestine Liberation Organization leader, Yaser Arafat. These crimes against humanity by the usurper state of Israel are proof of its terrorist nature and violation of territorial integrity and national sovereignty of other countries.
33 solar years ago, on this day in 1988 AD, Iraqi warplanes chemically bombarded the western Iranian city of Marivan and a village in its vicinity, martyring and wounding a large number of civilians. This crime against humanity was carried out with the tacit approval of the US and West European regimes, which had supplied the repressive Ba’th minority regime of Saddam with internationally-banned chemical gases. Also on this day, the Ba’thist forces chemically bombarded the Faw operational zone on the southernmost tip of the Iran-Iraq border, martyring and wounding many people.
22 solar years ago, on this day in 1999 AD, Lieutenant General Ali Sayyad Shirazi, the acting commander of Islamic Republic of Iran’s Armed Forces General Headquarters and a veteran of the 8-year holy defence during the war the US had imposed through Saddam, was martyred at the age of 55 in Tehran when he opened the gate of his house by MKO terrorists dressed as cleaners. Born in a village in northeastern Iran, following completion of high school he joined the military academy. He was an opponent of the Shah’s despotic regime and suffered imprisonment as a result. He was freed from prison with the victory of the Islamic Revolution in February 1979, and on rehabilitation in the armed forces, selflessly served the Islamic Republic by actively participating in the battles against the Ba’thist invaders on the warfronts. In 1981, the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA) appointed him commander of the Army’s Ground Forces. Martyr Sayyad Shirazi played a pivotal role during the 8-year imposed war and continued his yeoman services in its aftermath till he achieved martyrdom.