TEHRAN – The Iranian Army on Wednesday unveiled a homegrown radar capable of detecting 300 targets simultaneously and an air defense command and control system used in low altitudes.
In a ceremony, Iran’s Air Defense commander Brigadier General Alireza Sabahi Fard unveiled six military projects, saying only two of them are allowed to be made public.
They included the Alborz, a phased-array three-dimensional radar capable of detecting and tracking various aerial targets and scanning the horizon without needing to rotate its antenna.
The Iranian radar, named after the fabled northern Iranian mountain range, can take action against stealth targets with a low cross-sectional area at a range of 450 kilometers and even at low altitudes.
The Borhan, an air defense command and control system used in low altitudes, was also unveiled.
The system processes data from the electro-optical systems and radars and analyzes information to activate missile systems. It also can be employed in radar jamming and deception operations.
In comments at the event, General Sabahi Fard said Iran has developed such advanced air defense equipment that it can monitor hostile activities even at the bases of the enemy.
If the enemies make any unwise move against Iran, they will face a heavy defeat, he warned.
Iran, he said, has turned into the region’s top air defense power. “Today, the (Iranian) air defense has reached such a level of combat capabilities that it does not need (help from) other countries.”
The concept of radar-evading by aircraft against Iran’s air defense is now meaningless, the commander said, adding the country’s air defense systems can exterminate targets at a range of 200 kilometers.
A senior Iranian commander praised the Air Defense Force’s achievements over the past years, saying the country, a pioneer in the technology of directed energy, is now capable of targeting micro air vehicles (MAVs) that violate its airspace.
In an interview with ISNA, Brigadier General Mehdi Saqafifard, the deputy head of the planning department of Khatam Al-Anbia Air Defense Base, said the Air Defense Force has become self-reliant and rendered ineffective the sanctions imposed on the country by the West.
Prior to the 1979 Islamic Revolution, he said, Iran was only able to detect flying objects from a distance of 380 kilometers using Western-supplied equipment.
Today, however, the country has been finalizing projects that enable the Air Force to intercept targets within a distance of up to 3,000 kilometers, said the commander, adding that the Air Force units operate radars that have a detection radius of 800 kilometers.
Saqafifard also said that the number of radar platforms has increased by about 400 times in the country, compared to the time before the Revolution.
Radars have had their technology upgraded from old interception systems to hybrid mode, he said, noting that radars are currently equipped with optical and sound-detection sensors, and other types of sensors that cannot be mentioned.
“At a low anti-cruise altitude, we have at least five to six projects that are between the testing and operational phases, including Majid, Nawab, Zubin and Dezful systems,” he said.
“After 10 years of endeavor in the field of directed energy, we have been able to reach a point that the countries possessing this technology claim to be standing at. Directed energy means that we can get rid of the MAVs intruding into our skies. That means hitting a $900,000 cruise missile at a cost of only $10,” he added.
The commander also pointed to the progress that the Air Defense Force has made regarding electronic warfare.
“In the field of electronic warfare, we have reached a point that the world does not believe,” he said.
Following the non-delivery of Russia’s S-300 missile defense system, Iran managed to manufacture Bavar-373 with the guidance of Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei and efforts of the Defense Ministry knowledge-based companies, Saqafifard said.
“Today, the Bavar-373 strategic system has nothing less than the S-300, and in some areas it is even more advanced. In the near future, we will hear good news from this system to break the record and reach the levels of the next system, the S-400.”