TOKYO (Dispatches) -- Japan’s defense ministry is seeking an
annual budget increase that will add to past hikes to expand military spending over a decade by almost a sixth, as it works with the U.S. to counter what perceive as the growing strength of neighboring China.
Since last year, Japan has identified China as its main national security threat, pointing in a July policy paper to a “sense of crisis” over Beijing’s claims of sovereignty over Taiwan, which lies close to Japanese islands along the edge of the East China Sea.
The ministry’s budget proposal, released on Tuesday, seeks an increase of 2.6 percent in spending, to a record 5.48 trillion yen ($49.93 billion), for the year starting April 1.
Finance ministry officials will review, and could amend, the request before sending it to Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s cabinet for approval.
However, Japan’s military spending increases are not enough to keep pace with China’s expanding military budget, which increased 6.8% this year and is already about four times more than Japan’s, and second only to the United States in size.
Instead, Tokyo claims its strategy is to build a force armed with the latest equipment to deter Beijing from military action to settle territorial or other disputes in the region.
Big-ticket spending requests include 130 billion yen for 12 Lockheed Martin Corp F-35 stealth fighters, four of which will be short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) B variants operating off converted helicopter carriers.
The defense ministry is asking for 105 billion yen next year to develop its first new domestic jet fighter in three decades. The project, expected to be completed in the 2030s, at a cost of about $40 billion, is being led by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
Japan’s forces, which operate alongside U.S. units, also want money for new compact warships and funds to buy and develop longer-range missiles to strike distant enemy targets, including land bases.
The ministry is also seeking funds for space-related forces, such as satellites and lasers to track targets beyond the atmosphere. It also wants 34.5 billion yen to strengthen defenses against cyber attacks.
Japanese leaders have in recent years talked more openly about rewriting the country’s 66-year-old pacifist constitution – a legacy of its defeat after the U.S. atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the end of World War II.
The rewriting of the constitution, welcomed by the U.S., has many critics who believe it primarily serves the American agenda of building allies to counter China’s rise.