BEIJING (Dispatches) – China has accused the United States intelligence community of “political manipulation” after a report accused Beijing of withholding key information about the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic.
U.S. President Joe Biden said on Friday that China was withholding “critical information” on the origins of the coronavirus after the US intelligence community said it did not believe it was a bioweapon – but remained split on whether it escaped from a lab.
“The report by the U.S. intelligence community shows that the U.S. is bent on going down the wrong path of political manipulation,” China’s embassy in Washington said in a statement.
“The report by the intelligence community is based on the presumption of guilt on the part of China, and it is only for scapegoating China.”
According to the unclassified summary of the intelligence report, the U.S. does not believe Chinese officials had foreknowledge of the virus before the initial outbreak of the pandemic that has now killed 4.5 million people.
“Critical information about the origins of this pandemic exists in the People’s Republic of China, yet from the beginning, government officials in China have worked to prevent international investigators and members of the global public health community from accessing it,” Biden said in a statement.
“To this day, the PRC [People’s Republic of China] continues to reject calls for transparency and withhold information, even as the toll of this pandemic continues to rise.”
Analysts at three agencies were unable to reach a conclusion.
“Variations in analytic views largely stem from differences in how agencies weigh intelligence reporting and scientific publications, and intelligence and scientific gaps,” the summary said.
The intelligence community and global scientists lack clinical samples or epidemiological data from the earliest COVID-19 cases, it added.
Beijing has rejected calls from the U.S. and other countries for a renewed origin probe after a heavily politicized visit by a WHO team in January also proved inconclusive.
At the outset of the pandemic, the natural origin hypothesis – that the virus emerged in bats and then passed to humans, likely via an intermediary species – was widely accepted.
But as time wore on and scientists were unable to find a virus in either bats or another animal that matches the genetic signature of SARS-CoV-2, investigators said they were more open to considering a leak involving the Wuhan Institute of Virology, which carried out bat coronavirus research.
Recent scientific papers, however, are tilting the debate back towards a zoonotic origin.
Researchers in China and the University of Glasgow published a paper in the journal Science that found “animal-to-human transmission associated with infected live animals is the most likely cause of the COVID-19 pandemic”.
Additionally, a paper by 21 top virologists in the journal Cell bluntly concluded: “There is currently no evidence that SARS-CoV-2 has a laboratory origin.”