Today is Wednesday; 10th of the Iranian month of Dey 1399 solar hijri; corresponding to 15th of the Islamic month of Rabi al-Awwal 1442 lunar hijri; and December 30, 2020, of the Christian Gregorian Calendar.
1404 lunar years ago, on this day in 38 AH, according to a narration, Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS), was born in Medina. He was 4th Infallible Heir of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA). His parents were the Martyr of Karbala, Imam Husain (AS) and Princess Shahrbano of Iran. Another version considers the 5th Sha’ban of his birthday. During his 34-year Imamate (divinely-decreed leadership), he built from shreds the tattered fabric of the Islamic society. He was martyred through poisoning at the age of 57 by the Omayyad caliph Waleed bin Abdul-Malik. Among the immortal legacy of the 4th Imam is the prayer manual "Sahifat as-Sajjadiyya” (known as Psalms of the Prophet’s Ahl al-Bayt) and the "Risalat al-Hoqouq” (Treatise of Rights), which is more perfect than the UN Charter of Human Rights.
1404 lunar years ago, on this day in 38 AH, governor of Egypt, Mohammad bin Abu Bakr, who was one of the loyal disciples of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS), was martyred by the Godless Omayyad invader Amr bin Aas. His grave is in Cairo. The crafty Omayyad ruler, Mu’awiyah bin Abu Sufyan also martyred through poisoning, the new governor of Egypt, the famous Malek Ashtar while he was on his way to take up his post. The epistle of Imam Ali (AS) to Malek Ashtar is regarded till this day as the finest treatise on social justice for the masses.
1346 lunar years ago, on this day in 96 AH, Walid ibn Abd al-Malik, the 6th self-styled caliph of the usurper Omayyad regime, died in Damascus at the age of 47 after a 10-year reign. Walid I has earned lasting notoriety for martyring through poison, Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS), the great grandson and 4th Infallible Heir of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
816 solar years ago, on this day in 1204 AD, the Spanish Muslim scholar, Sa’eed ibn Hakam al-Qurashi, who was also ruler of the Mediterranean Balearic island of Minorca (Manurqa in Arabic), was born in what is now Portugal in the city of Tavira (Tabira in Arabic) in the Algarve region (al-Gharb or the west, in Arabic).
795 lunar years ago, on this day in 647 AH, prominent scholar, Taqi od-Din Hassan ibn Ali ibn Daoud al-Hilli was born in Hillah in southern Iraq. A student of the famous Seyyed Jamal od-Din Ahmad Ibn Tawous, he was an authority on several branches of Islamic sciences. He lived a fruitful life of 93 years, grooming scholars and authoring books, the most famous of which is "ar-Rijaal” on the biographical evaluation of hadith narrators.
390 lunar years ago, on this day in 1052 AH, the prominent scholar, Seyyed Sadr od-Din Ali al-Hussaini, popular as Ibn Ma’soum al-Madani and Seyyed Ali Khan Shirazi, was born in Medina in a scholarly Iranian Dashtaki family. He trained many scholars and wrote several books, such as the 5-volume "Riyadh as-Salikin”, which is a commentary on "Sahifat-as-Sajjadiyah”, the famous collection of the supplications of the Prophet’s 4th Infallible Heir, Imam Zain al-Abedin (AS). His other works include a diwan of Arabic poetry, his travelogue titled "Rehla Ibn Ma’soum”, the prayer manual "Kalemat-at-Tayyeb”, and biography of poets "Salafat-al-Asr”.
347 solar years ago, on this day in 1673 AD, Ahmed III, the 23rd Ottoman Sultan and the 14th self-styled Turkish caliph was born. He ruled from 1703 to 1730 – a period called "Asr-e Laleh” (Tulip Era) in Ottoman history, because of the victories over the Russians and the flowering of arts including establishment of the first press in the Muslim world for printing books in Turkish and Arabic.
185 solar years ago, on this day in 1835 AD, Cherokees were forced to move across the Mississippi River after gold was discovered on their land in Georgia. A couple of days earlier the US had bribed a few Cherokees to sign the Treaty of New Echota making it obligatory for the whole tribe to evacuate their ancestral lands. The Treaty resulted in the cession of all Cherokee land to the US and the removal of the Cherokee was completed by 1838. The US has a sordid record of genocide and ethnic cleansing despite its claim to respect human rights.
155 solar years ago, on this day in 1865 AD, Rudyard Kipling, English author, poet, and Nobel Prize laureate, was born in Bombay. He is chiefly remembered for his tales and poems of British soldiers in India and his tales for children, such as "Jungle Book”, and "Kim”. He was an unabashed supporter of British imperialism.
114 solar years ago, on this day in 1906 AD the All India Muslim League was founded at the All-India Mohammadan Educational Conference in Dacca, East Bengal, which is now Bangladesh.
108 solar years ago, on this day in 1911 AD, the combatant Iranian religious leader, Mirza Ali Aqa Siqqat-ol-Islam Tabrizi, was martyred by the invading Russian forces. He played an important role in Tabriz, as an activist of the Constitutional Revolution. He resolutely struggled against the occupation of parts of northwestern Iran in the Caucasus by Czarist Russia, while guiding and leading people to this end. The Russians, who considered him an opponent, kidnapped and martyred him.
104 solar years ago, on this day in 1916 AD, the controversial Russian figure, Grigori Rasputin, was killed.
73 solar years ago, on this day in 1947 AD, operatives of two Zionist terrorist outfits, in a joint operation, raided the village of Balad ash-Shaikh in British occupied Palestine, setting fire to the homes and hearths of Palestinians, as a result of which sixty men, women, and children were martyred.
73 solar years ago, on this day in 1947 AD, with the collapse of monarchy, Romania became a republic.
42 solar years ago, on this day in 1978 AD, over 200 citizens were martyred and more than 2,000 injured in the holy city of Mashhad when a peaceful public rally was attacked with tanks and machineguns by the forces of the tyrannical Pahlavi regime. On this same day in the city of Kerman in southeastern Iran, the regime’s forces martyred over a hundred citizens and injured some 400 others in trying to disperse a peaceful public protest.
27 solar years ago, on this day in 1993 AD, under acute pressure from the US, Vatican, the seat of the Catholic sect of Christianity, was forced to establish diplomatic ties with the illegal Zionist entity called Israel. It is worth noting that the Zionists, as heirs of Judas Iscariot, the Israelite who tried to betray Prophet Jesus (AS) to the Romans, continue to ridicule the fundamental principles of Christianity by unabashedly slandering the Virgin-Born Messiah and his mother, Mary (SA).
14 solar years ago, on this day in 2006 AD, the deposed dictator of Iraq’s defunct Ba’th minority regime, Saddam, was executed by hanging at the age of 69 for his crimes against humanity.
9 solar years ago, on this day in 2011 AD, Iranian scientists successfully tested the first nuclear fuel rod produced from uranium ore deposits inside the country for use in the Islamic Republic’s wholly peaceful nuclear programme.