Today is Wednesday; 19th of the Iranian month of Azar 1399 solar hijri; corresponding to 23rd of the Islamic month of Rabi al-Sani 1442 lunar hijri; and December 9, 2020, of the Christian Gregorian Calendar.
1290 solar years ago, on this day in 730 AD, in the Battle of Marj as-Sabalan on the outskirts of Ardabil in northwestern Iran, the army of Hisham ibn Abdul-Malik, the 10th self-styled caliph of the usurper Omayyad regime, was annihilated by Khazar Turkic nomads led by Barjik, the son of the Khaqan. The Omayyad commander, Jarrah Ibn Abdullah al-Hakami, was among the 20,000 Arab forces killed along with their Iranian allies including the Zoroastrian Dehqan of Azarbaijan, Mardan Shah. The Khazars then mercilessly plundered Ardabil and other towns and cities, carrying off immense loot as well as over 40,000 men, women and children as captives.
1272 solar years ago, on this day in 748 AD, Nasr Ibn Sayyar, the last Omayyad governor of Khorasan, who as an anti-Islamic Arab nationalist terrorized the people of northeastern Iran and Central Asia for decades, died at the age of 85 in Saveh (southwest of Tehran) while fleeing, after a string of defeats suffered by his Syrian-North Arabian army at the hands of the Arab-Iranian Muslim revolutionaries determined to overthrow the Omayyads and replace them with members of Prophet Mohammad’s (SAWA) family. The uprising was hijacked by the Abbasids, who seized the caliphate and once again deprived the Ahl al-Bayt of their political rights.
1153 lunar years ago, on this day in 289 AH, Mu’tazid-Billah, the 16th self-styled caliph of the usurper Abbasid regime died at the age of 46 after a 10-year reign, during which he reversed the anti-Islamic policies of his uncle and predecessor, Mu’tamed, the murderer of Imam Hasan al-Askari (AS), the 11th Infallible Heir of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA).
728 solar years ago, on this day in 1292 AD, the world-acclaimed Persian poet of Iran, Shaikh Mosleh od-Din Sa’di, passed away in his hometown Shiraz. He composed his two famous masterpieces, "Bustan” (the Orchard) and "Golestan” (Rose Garden). The poems in "Bustan” speak of such topics as justice, love, kindness, modesty, contentment, education, repentance, and prayers. The next year he completed "Golestan”, which is in prose, and also contains his Arabic and Persian poems, in addition to moral and social anecdotes in 8 chapters.
412 solar years ago, on this day in 1608 AD, English poet and polemical pamphleteer, John Milton, was born in London. Among his important works are "Paradise Lost”, and "Paradise Regained” which are epic poems.
278 solar years ago, on this day in 1742 AD, the Swedish chemist and one of the pioneers of modern chemistry, Carl Wilhelm Scheele, was born in Stockholm. After years of experiments he discovered gas chlorine, which is an important chemical element and has numerous applications in the industrial sector. He also discovered magnesium and glycerin. Scheele died in 1786.
262 solar years ago, on this day in 1758 AD, the 13-month long Madras War between Britain and France started in southern India, following the French attack on Fort St. George on the Bay of Bengal.
197 lunar years ago, on this day in 1245 AH, the Iranian religious scholar and poet, Allamah Ahmad Naraqi, passed away at the age of 60 in Kashan and his body was taken holy Najaf in Iraq for burial besides his father, the famous Mullah Mahdi Naraqi, in the sacred mausoleum of the Commander of the Faithful, Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS).
164 solar years ago, on this day in 1856 AD, the Iranian city of Bushehr on the Persian Gulf was seized by the invading British forces after long battles lasting several years with the local Iranian defenders. The British plan was to stop Iran from liberating the Khorasani city of Herat from joint Afghan-British occupation. The British, taking advantage of the weakness of the Qajarid dynasty, soon spread their control over all of southern Iran. This situation lasted till 1913, when Iranian resistance started and continued during World War I under the leadership of Raees Ali Delvari, forcing Britain to move its diplomatic, commercial, and military headquarters to the Persian Gulf island of Bahrain, which had been earlier seized from Iran.
103 solar years ago, on this day in 1917 AD during World War I, the British forces, made up of Arab and Indian contingents under Field Marshal Edmund Allenby, defeated the Ottoman troops in Palestine, and occupied the Islamic holy city of Bayt al-Moqaddas, which houses the former qibla (or focal point of prayers) of Muslims.
80 solar years ago, on this day in 1940 AD, during World War II, Operation Compass was launched by British and Indian troops against Italian forces near Sidi Barrani on the borders of Egypt and Italian-occupied Libya. It was the first large Allied military operation of the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) and lasted till complete victory in February 1941, resulting in the capture of Cyrenaica till El Agheila on the Gulf of Sirte.
73 solar years ago, on this day in 1947 AD, in western Java up to 430 Indonesian Muslim men were rounded up and shot by Dutch colonial troops in the village of Rawagedeh. The Dutch called the incident a "police action” to quell an uprising.
56 solar years ago, on this day in 1964 AD, the exegete of the holy Qur’an, Seyyed Hussain Ithna Ash’ari E’temadi, passed away in his hometown Rayy, south of Tehran, at the age of 66 and was buried in the mausoleum of Seyyed Abdul-Azim al-Hassani. His famous work is the exegesis of the holy Qur’an titled "Tafsir Ithna Ash’ari”.
36 solar years ago, on this day in 1984 AD, by the order of the Father of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), the High Council of Cultural Revolution was formed, made up of the heads of three branches of the government (Executive, Legislature, Judiciary), prominent ulema and cultural figures for giving direction to the country’s higher educational system and cultural centres. Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979, anti-social elements, communists and agents of the US and the West, had taken control of universities and higher education centres, as part of the plots against the Islamic Republic. The plot was nullified by the closing of the universities and purging of the anti-Islamic teaching staff. The universities reopened after three years and thus the High Council of Cultural Revolution was formed in order to provide guidelines to universities and cultural centres on the basis of Islamic teachings, and in line with the policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
33 solar years ago, on this day in 1987 AD, the first Intefadha or Islamic uprising of the Palestinian people against the usurper entity, Israel, started in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The Palestinian Muslims were inspired by the Islamic Revolution of Iran, and were disillusioned by the nationalist and socialist parties like the PLO, which in collaboration with the US and Europe entered into the infamous Oslo Accord with Israel, in a vain bid to offset the Islamic movement.
29 solar years ago, on this day in 1991 AD, the UN, in a report, declared the Iraqi Ba’th minority regime as aggressor of the 8-year war-imposed on Iran on September 22, 1980 on the orders of the US. UN Secretary General, Ecuador’s Javier Perez de Cuellar also emphasized in his report that based on UN Charter, and international rules and regulations, Saddam should accept responsibility for his unjustified aggression. On September 22, 1980, Iraq launched unprovoked air and ground attacks on Iran, and during the invasion, which was fully backed by the capitalist west and the socialist east, several Iranian frontier cities and towns were occupied and innocent women, children, and men were martyred. The Iranian combatants rallied under the guidance of the Leader of the Islamic Revolution, Imam Khomeini (RA), and staged epics of resistance during the holy defence to blunt the Ba’thist aggressors and liberate Iranian territory until the acceptance of UN Security Council Resolution 598 in July 1988.
23 solar years ago, on this day in 1997 AD, in Tehran, leaders of the 55-member Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) gathered for a summit meeting to promote Islamic solidarity. It was the first time that the Islamic Republic hosted the OIC Summit and took over chairmanship of this organization for the next four years.
8 solar years ago, on this day in 2012 AD, Iran announced that it has decoded all of the data from a RQ-170 Sentinel craft, an advanced CIA spy drone captured in eastern Iran earlier this month.