Saturday 11 July 2020
News ID: 80107
Publish Date: 30 June 2020 - 21:55
BRUSSELS (AP) — For the first time in Belgium’s history, a reigning king expressed his regret Tuesday for the violence carried out by the former colonial power when it ruled over what is now Congo.
In a letter to the Congolese president, Felix Tshisekedi, Belgium’s King Philippe stopped short of issuing a formal apology but conveyed his "deepest regrets” for the "acts of violence and cruelty” and the "suffering and humiliation” inflicted on Belgian Congo. The letter was published on the 60th anniversary of the African country’s independence.
Philippe’s letter was sent amid growing demands that Belgium reassess its colonial past and take responsibility for the atrocities committed by former King Leopold II. In the wake of the protests against racial inequality triggered by the May 25 death of George Floyd in the United States, several statues of Leopold, who is blamed for the deaths of millions of Africans during Belgium’s colonial rule, have been vandalized. A petition has called for Belgium to remove all statues of the former king.
A bust of Leopold II was expected to be taken down from display later Tuesday in the city of Ghent following a decision from local authorities.
Belgium Prime Minister Sophie Wilmes has called for "an in-depth” debate conducted "without taboo.”
"In 2020, we must be able to look at this shared past with lucidity and discernment,” she said on Tuesday. "Any work of truth and memory begins with the recognition of suffering. Acknowledging the suffering of the other.”
In his letter to Tshisekedi, Philippe stressed the "common achievements” reached by Belgium and its former colony, but also the painful episodes of their unequal relationship.
"At the time of the independent State of the Congo, acts of violence and cruelty were committed that still weigh on our collective memory,” Philippe wrote, referring to the period when the country was privately ruled by Leopold II from 1885 to 1908.
"The colonial period that followed also caused suffering and humiliation,” Philippe acknowledged.
Leopold ruled Congo as a fiefdom, forcing many of its people into slavery to extract resources for his personal profit. His early rule, starting in 1885, was famous for its brutality, which some experts say left as many as 10 million people dead.
After his ownership of Congo ended in 1908, he handed the central African country over to the Belgian state, which continued to rule over an area 75 times its size until the African nation became independent in 1960.


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