Today is Tuesday; 27th of the Iranian month of Esfand 1398 solar hijri; corresponding to 22nd of the Islamic month of Rajab 1441 lunar hijri; and March 17, 2020, of the Christian Gregorian Calendar.
1830 solar years ago, on this day in 180 AD, Roman Emperor, Marcus Aurelius, died after a reign of 19 years that saw his generals emerge as victors of the 5-year long war (161-65) against the Parthian Empire of Iran in Armenia and Mesopotamia (Iraq), following initial Iranian victories in Syria and Anatolia (Turkey).
1384 solar years ago, on this day in 636 AD, Bayt al-Moqaddas was liberated by Muslims, who defeated the Romans to free Palestine from European control. Over four centuries later, the Europeans launched the bloody Crusader Wars to occupy Bayt al-Moqaddas and Palestine. In 1187, after 88 years of the illegal existence of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Bayt al-Moqaddas and Palestine were once again liberated by a united Muslim army of Kurds, Turks, Arabs and Persians. The Christians of Europe again occupied these lands briefly but were finally defeated by the Turkish Mamluk rulers of Egypt and expelled from Palestine in early 14th century. Over six hundred years later in 1917, during World War I, Palestine and Bayt al-Moqaddas were re-occupied by the Europeans, and this time by the British, who illegally settled in this Muslim land, hundreds of thousands of Zionists from Eastern Europe. In 1948, upon British withdrawal, the illegitimate birth of Israel took place, and simultaneously the Zionist terrorists expelled into neighbouring lands over 700,000 Palestinians. Today, 66 years later, the struggle for liberation of Palestine and Bayt al-Moqaddas still continues, and the Muslims are confident of weeding out the Zionists one day.
1381 lunar years ago, on this day in 60 AH, the Omayyad tyrant, Mu’awiyah, died in Damascus at the age of 80, nineteen years after usurping the caliphate from the Prophet of Islam’s elder grandson, Imam Hasan Mojtaba (AS), whom he martyred through poisoning in 50 AH in violation of the terms of the treaty signed in 41 AH. Of doubtful paternity and born to the lecherous Hind, the wife of Abu Sufyan, he grew up to become a staunch opponent of Prophet Mohammad (SAWA) – having been brought up by two of the most spiteful enemies of Islam. In 8 AH when Mecca surrendered to the Muslims, two-and-a-half-years before the passing away of the Prophet, he reluctantly paid lip service to Islam to escape execution. During the caliphate of Omar ibn Khattab, he was surprisingly appointed as governor of the newly conquered vast province of Shaam (made up of today’s Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and the illegal Zionist entity Israel), a position he held for almost 20 years despite his dismissal by the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali ibn Abi Taleb (AS) against whom he came out into open armed rebellion at the War of Siffeen. During the almost 40 years he had entrenched himself in the mostly Christian Levant (Shaam), Mu’awiyah did not spare any effort to distort the teachings of Islam, oppress, torture, and kill Muslims, and indulge in all cardinal sins. On his deathbed, contrary to the terms of the treaty with Imam Hasan (AS), he named as caliph his libertine and openly infidel son, Yazid – born of an adulterous affair with a Christian Bedouin woman – a criminal decision that led to three of the most heinous crimes in history. The Godless Yazid, in the first year of his reign brutally martyred at Karbala the Prophet’s younger grandson, Imam Husain (AS). In the subsequent two years of his evil rule, he desecrated the sanctity of the Prophet’s shrine and mosque in Medina by ordering a general massacre, rape and plunder of Muslims; and next ordered the sacrilegious storming of the holy Ka’ba in Mecca, during the midst of which he died, thereby ending the rule of the house of Mu’awiyah – while another branch of the Omayyads, the Marwanids, continued the evil work of terrorizing the Muslim ummah for some 70 more years before they were thrown into the dustbin of history.
862 lunar years ago, on this day in 479AH, Spanish Muslims led by Yusuf bin Tashfin defeated Spanish Christians under command of Alphonse VI in the glorious battle of "az-Zalaqa”. This decisive battle halted for over two-and-a-half centuries the bid by the Christian powers to drive out Spanish Muslim from the Iberian Peninsula.
751 lunar years ago, on this day in 690 AH, Muslims liberated from Crusader occupiers the city of Beirut – the capital of what is now Lebanon. The campaign was led by the Mamluk sultan of Egypt and Syria, al-Ashraf Khalil Qalawun, a Qipchaq Turk, who went on to liberate the other cities, thus completely ending the 200-year Crusader presence in the Levant.
568 solar years ago, on this day in 1452 AD, the Battle of Los Alporchones was fought in southern Spain between the troops of the Muslim Emirate of Granada and the combined Christian forces of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Murcia. The Spanish Muslim army was commanded by Malik ibn al-Abbas, while the Christian mercenaries were led by Alonso Fajardo el Bravo. The battle was fought in the area around the city of Lorca and resulted in a victory for the Kingdom of Castile.
493 solar years ago, on this day in 1527 AD, the Battle of Khanwa was fought near the village of the same name, about 60 km west of Agra. It was the second major battle fought by the first Mughal Emperor Zaheer od-Din Mohammad Babar after the Battle of Panipat a year before and firmly established his rule in northern India.
213 lunar years ago, on this day in 1228 AH, the prominent jurisprudent, Shaikh Ja’far bin Khizr al-Ḥilli an-Najafi, popular as Kashef al-Gheta, an epithet by which his progeny of scholars became well-known, passed away at the age of 73. He wrote several books and groomed many scholars, including the famous jurisprudent, Shaikh Mohammad Hasan Najafi, the author of "Jawaher al-Kalaam”.
195 lunar years ago, on this day in 1246 AH, the prominent Iranian Islamic scholar Mullah Ali bin Jamshid, known as Akhound Noori, passed away in Isfahan. Mullah Ali Noori’s famous works is "Hawashiy-e Asfaar” on the famous Safavid-era philosopher, Mullah Sadra’s work "al-Asfaar al-Arba”.
160 solar years ago, on this day in 1860 AD, the First Taranaki War began in the place of the same name in New Zealand between the British occupiers and the indigenous Maori people. It was a major phase of the New Zealand land wars over land ownership and sovereignty that took place in North Island and lasted for a year.
100 solar years ago, on this day in 1920 AD, Sheikh Mujib ur-Rahman, the Founding Leader of Bangladesh, was born in Bengal state of British India.
72 solar years ago, on this day in 1948 AD, representatives of Britain, France, Belgium, Holland, and Luxemburg met in the Belgian capital to sign the Brussels Pact for a joint defense system and to develop economic and cultural ties. This set the stage for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in April 1949 with the US and Canada as new members.
64 solar years ago, on this day in 1956 AD, French chemist, Irene Joliot-Curie, died. She shared the 1935 Nobel Prize for synthesis of new radioactive isotopes with her husband Frederic. They bombarded stable atoms with alpha particles to transmute them into radioactive elements. They created nitrogen from boron, phosphorus from aluminum and silicon from magnesium. She was the daughter of the famous scientists Marie and Pierre Curie.
9 solar years ago, on this day in 2011 AD, the Islamic Republic of Iran sent the country’s first space capsule that is able to sustain life into orbit as a test for a future mission that may carry a live animal. Two years later in 2013, Iran sent its first monkey into space, which came back alive.
(Courtesy: IRIB English Radio – http://parstoday.com/en)